Endogenous androgens are responsible for normal growth and development of the male sex organs and for maintenance of secondary sex characteristics. These effects include growth and maturation of the prostate , seminal vesicles , penis , and scrotum ; development of male hair distribution, such as beard , pubic, chest, and axillary hair; laryngeal enlargement, vocal cord thickening, and alterations in body musculature and fat distribution. Drugs in this class also cause retention of nitrogen , sodium, potassium , and phosphorous, and decreased urinary excretion of calcium. Androgens have been reported to increase protein anabolism and decrease protein catabolism . Nitrogen balance is improved only when there is sufficient intake of calories and protein.
Testosterone enanthate ( USAN , BAN ) (brand names Delatestryl , Testostroval , Testro LA , Andro LA , Durathate , Everone , Testrin , Andropository ), or testosterone heptanoate , is an androgen and anabolic steroid and a testosterone ester .    Along with testosterone cypionate and testosterone propionate , it is one of the most widely used testosterone esters.  Testosterone enanthate was first introduced in 1952.  Administered via intramuscular injection , it is the most widely used form of testosterone in androgen replacement therapy .