We take great care to make sure that the information in this leaflet is correct and up-to-date. However, medicines can be used in different ways for different patients. It is important that you ask the advice of your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure about something. This leaflet is about the use of these medicines in the UK, and may not apply to other countries. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), the Neonatal and Paediatric Pharmacists Group (NPPG), WellChild and the contributors and editors cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of information, omissions of information, or any actions that may be taken as a consequence of reading this leaflet.
Arthritis : Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.
Aceclofenac, Abatacept, Adalimumab, Celecoxib, Cyclosporine, Diclofenac, Diflunisal, Etoricoxib, Flurbiprofen, Hydrocortisone, Hydroxychloroquine, Ibuprofen, Mefenamic Acid, Meloxicam, Sulindac and Tenoxicam
Bronchitis : Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi (the larger and medium-sized airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the more distal parts of the lung parenchyma) Treatment Conventional treatment for acute bronchitis may consist of simple measures such as getting plenty of rest, drinking lots of fluids, avoiding smoke and fumes, and possibly getting a prescription for an inhaled bronchodilator and/or cough syrup. In some cases of chronic bronchitis, oral steroids to reduce inflammation and/or supplemental oxygen may be necessary.
Edema : Edema is swelling caused by excess fluid trapped in your body's tissues. Although edema can affect any part of your body, it's most commonly noticed in your hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs. Edema can be the result of medication, pregnancy or an underlying disease — often heart failure, kidney disease or cirrhosis of the liver. Taking medication to remove excess fluid and reducing the amount of salt in your food usually relieves edema. When edema is a sign of an underlying disease, the disease itself requires separate treatment. There are many types of edema. The most common ones are: ? Peripheral edema - in the feet (pedal edema), ankles, legs, hands and arms. ? Cerebral edema - in and around the brain (cerebral edema). ? Eye edema - in and around the eyes, . macular edema, corneal edema, periorbital edema (puffiness around the eys. Macular edema is a serious complication of diabetic retinopathy. ? Signs and symptoms of edema include: • Swelling or puffiness of the tissue directly under your skin • Stretched or shiny skin • Skin that retains a dimple after being pressed for several seconds • Increased abdominal size Medications : • NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen) • Calcium channel blockers • Corticosteroids (prednisone, methylprednisolone) • Pioglitazone and rosiglitazone • Pramiprexole