According to the micturation reflex as given in the NCERT, strectch receptors help in sending the signals to the brain. The brain then depending on the amount of urine stored in the urinary bladder will give the signal of either opening or closing of the sphicter muscles ….But according to Q15 if the receptors are removed completely ….no signal will be sent to the brain wich in turn will have no response to the sphincter muscles and thus the spincter muscles wud remain as it is (closed)…..the urin ewill continue to collect in the urinary bladder
Utilization of these drugs is common in patients with HF. In a study from Denmark, 34 percent of patients received at least one nonsteroid anti-inflammatory agent or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor after discharge for first hospitalization for HF [ 2 ]. Use of some of these drugs may be increasing. As an example, a review of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized with the diagnoses of HF and diabetes mellitus found that the proportion using metformin and/or a thiazolidinedione increased from percent in 1998 to 1999 to percent in 2000 to 2001 [ 3 ].
Believe it or not, non-steroid using individuals may experience heart muscle growth through rigorous exercise (such as aerobics). Steroid users differ in that the more they use and the longer they use, the more potential there is for growth. Negative side effects may not surface unless abuse becomes the norm, but it is best not to take the chance. Additionally, consistent steroid users may experience a decrease in the size of the heart muscles when they stop using. This essentially means that the heart starts to shrink. Again, past use/habits are likely to influence the level of change.